External rotation test
The external rotation test:
- It is used to demonstrate the integrity of the syndesmotic ligaments.
- The patient sits with the knee flexed to 90°.
- The foot is gently grasped and rotated laterally with the ankle locked in neutral.
- A positive test result occurs when the patient has pain over the syndesmosis.
- Sensitivity: 20%
- Specificity: 84.8%