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Bone Metabolism

Normal bone metabolism is a sequence of bone turnover (osteoclast activity) and formation (osteoblast activity). Bone Metabolism functions largely involve the homeostasis...

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is a tumor characterized by the production of osteoid by malignant cells (Spindle cell). It’s is the most common nonhematologic primary...

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) generally includes subluxation (partial dislocation) of the femoral head, acetabular dysplasia, and complete dislocation of the...

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is a compressive neuropathy of the tibial nerve within the fibro-osseous tunnel posterior and inferior to the medial malleolus...

Bone Cells

Bone Cells include Osteoblasts, Osteoclasts, Osteocytes and bone lining cells. 1. Osteoblasts Osteoblast is the bone cells that are responsible for bone...

Osteoblastoma

Osteoblastoma is a Benign but Aggressive tumor of Bone (can attain a large size and is not self-limiting). Epidemiology Osteoblastoma is a...

Anterior Shoulder Instability

Shoulder instability Can be divided as unidirectional and multidirectional with an acronyms TUBS and AMBRI as mnemonics. TUBS: Traumatic unilateral dislocations with...

Hip Joint Osteoarthritis

Hip Joint Osteoarthritis is an inflammatory process occurs in the synovial joints such as the hip joint, and causes progressive loss of...

Brachial Plexus Palsy

Brachial plexus palsy may be seen after injury to the brachial plexus during birth. The brachial plexus palsy is associated with stretching...

Osteoid Osteoma

Osteoid osteoma is a self-limiting benign bone tumor. It’s one of three bone tumors in which tumor cells produce osteoid: Osteoid osteoma...