Hello Surgeon

X

How can we help you today?

Special Test

Finochietto Sign

Finochietto Sign (or jump sign) simultaneously tests for anterior cruciate ligament ACL and meniscus injuries of the knee.

Finochietto Sign was first described by Ricardo Finochietto in 1935.

See Also: Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

How do you perform the Finochietto Sign?

  • The patient is supine.
  • The examiner performs the anterior drawer test with the knee flexed to 90°, and applies stronger forward traction.

What is the positive Finochietto Sign?

Where the injury also involves an anterior cruciate ligament tear, the anterior drawer test with the knee flexed 90° will cause anterior displacement of the tibia.

The laxity of the knee ligaments causes the femoral condyle to ride up over the posterior horn of the medial meniscus under the stress of the anterior drawer.

A positive Finochietto test produces an audible snap and/ or a palpable skip. If the tibia is then pressed posteriorly, the femoral condyle will glide back down from the posterior horn of the medial meniscus.

Occasionally, reduction of the displaced meniscus will be necessary following a positive Finochietto test. In this case, there is reason to suspect a full posterior separation of the medial meniscus and/ or a longitudinal or bucket-handle tear.

Notes:

Ricardo Finochietto described the jump sign as a jerk produced during the passive movement of the head of the tibia under the femoral condyle. 

In the setting of anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency, damage to the posterior horn of the medial meniscus or its capsular attachments results from derangement of the rolling and sliding mechanism secondary to a cruciate ligament tear. This produces a shear injury to the posterior horn of the medial meniscus.

Ramp Lesion

Meniscal ramp lesions include the peripheral insertion of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus, they are usually associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears.

The incidence of ramp lesions is variable: between 9% and 42% of ACL tears.

The Finochietto jump sign is a very specific finding that could be considered pathognomonic regarding ramp lesions. Ramp lesions are considered hidden injuries of the medial meniscus and are very difficult to diagnose.

Thaunat classified ramp lesions into 5 types depending on both tear pattern (partial- or full-thickness tear) and associated meniscotibial ligament disruption:

  1. Type 1: meniscocapsular lesions;
  2. Type 2: partial superior lesions;
  3. Type 3: partial inferior or hidden lesions;
  4. Type 4: complete tear in red-red zone;
  5. Type 5: double tear.
meniscus ramp lesion
Meniscus Ramp Lesion

References

  1. R. Finochietto Semilunar cartilages of the knee. The “jump sign” J Bone Joint Surg, 17 (1935), pp. 916-921.
  2. Espejo-Baena A, Espejo-Reina A, Espejo-Reina MJ, Ruiz-Del Pino J. The Finochietto Sign as a Pathognomonic Finding of Ramp Lesion of the Medial Meniscus. Arthrosc Tech. 2020 Mar 31;9(4):e549-e552. doi: 10.1016/j.eats.2020.01.004. PMID: 32368477; PMCID: PMC7189623.
  3. Thaunat M, Fayard JM, Guimaraes TM, Jan N, Murphy CG, Sonnery-Cottet B. Classification and Surgical Repair of Ramp Lesions of the Medial Meniscus. Arthrosc Tech. 2016 Aug 8;5(4):e871-e875. doi: 10.1016/j.eats.2016.04.009. PMID: 27709051; PMCID: PMC5040630.
  4. Zhou M.L., Haley C.C.Meniscal Ramp Lesions and Root Tears: A Review of the Current LiteratureSports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review, Volume 29, 2021.
  5. S.R. BollenPosteromedial meniscocapsular injury associated with rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament: A previously unrecognised associationJ Bone Joint Surg Br, 92 (2010), pp. 222-223.
Last Reviewed
August 31, 2023
Contributed by
OrthoFixar

Orthofixar does not endorse any treatments, procedures, products, or physicians referenced herein. This information is provided as an educational service and is not intended to serve as medical advice.

Angle Meter App for Android & iOS
  • Lifetime product updates
  • Install on one device
  • Lifetime product support
One-Click Purchase
Orthopedic FRCS VIVAs Quiz
  • Lifetime product updates
  • Install on one device
  • Lifetime product support
One-Click Purchase
Top 12 Best Free Orthopedic Apps
  • Lifetime product updates
  • Install on one device
  • Lifetime product support
One-Click Purchase
All-in-one Orthopedic App
  • Lifetime product updates
  • Install on one device
  • Lifetime product support
One-Click Purchase