Apley Distraction Test

 Apley Distraction Test

  • Apley Distraction Test is used to test for the integrity of the Collateral Knee Ligaments
  • Apley Distraction Test is used to test for the integrity of the Collateral Knee Ligaments

  • Patient is prone, with their affected knee flexed 90°
  • Examiner places their own knee on patient’s posterior thigh to stabilize
  • Examiner grasps patient’s leg proximal to the ankle
  • Examiner applies traction to the tibia towards the ceiling (this distracts the knee joint) –then apply internal and external rotation of the tibia while tractioning.

  • Positive Sign:
    • Pain on the medial side = medial collateral ligament damage/ injury
    • Pain on the lateral side = lateral collateral ligament damage/ injury



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