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The most common types of orthopedic surgeries

Orthopedics is any operation performed on the musculoskeletal system. This system consists of bones, muscles, ligaments, joints, and tendons. There are three different types of orthopedics. 

Conventional procedures now compete with minimally invasive arthroscopic surgeries that promote less pain and faster recovery times.

Let’s take a look at the types of orthopedics.

  • Joint replacement procedures. These procedures replace the affected joint with an artificial limb and are among the most common orthopedic procedures. Common joint replacement surgeries include hip and knee replacement surgeries. It is important that patients be monitored for signs of complications after these procedures because the procedures carry a significant amount of risk. Among these risks is the possibility that the implant will fail or that its constituent substances will make their way into the blood, causing a toxic condition known as sclerosis.
  • Joint surgery review. If the current implant fails, it may be necessary to remove it and implant a new one. Revision surgeries are often required when a patient receives a defective implant or when an older implant fails.
  • Endoscopy . When tissue death occurs and infected tissue needs to be removed before healing can occur, an endoscopy procedure is the way doctors remove it. There are some cases where the bones are also removed when necessary.
  • Spinal fusion. Spinal fusions connect vertebrae together to provide more stability to the spine or to repair damage to the spine. For more information about spine surgery.
  • bone fusion . Like spinal fusions, bone fusions use grafting to fuse broken bones together so they can heal.
  • Soft tissue repair. These procedures focus on torn ligaments or tendons.
  • Internal fixation of bones. This type of surgery puts the bone fragments together and holds them in place with pins, screws, or plates so they can heal. In some cases, the organs remain inside the body.
  • Cut the bone. If a child has bone abnormalities, he or she will need this type of operation to help correct the deformity so that the bone can grow properly.

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Joint areas of the body that require orthopedic surgery

The following are the most common areas of the body where orthopedic surgery may be performed.

  • wrists . The most common wrist surgery is a carpal release or fracture.
  • the ankles . Ankle fractures are a common sports injury. They are also common workplace injuries in locations where workers can fall from great heights or be exposed to tripping hazards.
  • properties . The most common hip procedures are femoral neck repair, trochanter fracture, or prosthetic hip replacement.
  • spine . The most common spine surgeries are laminectomy, spinal fusion, and intervertebral disc operations.
  • shoulders . Arthroscopic surgery can be effective for rotator cuff repair, shoulder decompression, or distal clavicle resection.
  • knees . MCL and ACL repair procedures are among the most common knee procedures. Total knee replacement is also common.

Conventional versus laparoscopic procedures

Most orthopedic surgeries are performed conventionally or through the use of an arthroscope . There are some cases that require open surgery, but the majority fall into these two categories. Conventional surgery is more invasive and often comes with longer recovery times compared to arthroscopic procedures where incisions are made in the involved body parts.

While arthroscopic procedures are marketed as less invasive, you should understand that they are not without risks. Complications can still be encountered, including infection of the surgical site and surgical errors.

Side effects of orthopedic surgery:

As we have already said, orthopedic surgery is one of the most complex operations, so there are a lot of possible damages that may occur after the operation, most notably:

  • Pain at the operation site
  • The possibility of reinfection
  • A broken bone or joint
  • Nerve or tendon damage
  • infection
  • Damage to blood vessels

Methods of performing orthopedic surgery

There are a number of methods that most orthopedic surgeons follow, one of which is:

  1. Fusion method: by fusing the bones together or with the metal rods used.
  2. Endoscopic treatment: a camera is used to help the surgeon make an accurate diagnosis of the condition.
  3. Fixation method: Metal screws and plates are used to stabilize the broken bones and put them back in the right place.
  4. Replacement surgery: In which damaged bones or joints are replaced with new ones, such as a knee replacement.
  5. Fracture method: by breaking the bones and returning them to their correct location.

The evolution of orthopedic surgery

The recent period has witnessed a great development in orthopedic surgery operations as a result of the technological revolution that we are experiencing in all fields, and this development has reached all the details of surgery, the method and tools used, as well as the change in the quality of prescribed medicines, for example:

  • The screws and plates used in orthopedic surgery have evolved and are made of materials that are more resistant to contamination and inflammation.
  • The design of the joints and slides has become more suitable for the human body and more durable and stable.
  • It is now possible to reconstruct living tissue that resembles diseased tissue through certain drugs or the use of specific cells.
Last Reviewed
November 19, 2022
Contributed by
OrthoFixar

Orthofixar does not endorse any treatments, procedures, products, or physicians referenced herein. This information is provided as an educational service and is not intended to serve as medical advice.

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