Apprehension and Relocation

 Apprehension and Relocation

  • Apprehension and Relocation test is used to test for Anterior Instability of the shoulder.

  • Have the patient lie supine.
  • Apprehension test performed by bringing the arm in 90 degrees of abduction and full external rotation and patient experiences sense of instability.
  • Relocation test performed by placing examiner’s hand on humeral head applying a posterior force on the humeral head.
  • Patient will experience reduction or elimination of sense of instability.

  • Positive test if the patient experiences the sensation of instability of the shoulder.

  • Sensitivity: 68-88 %
  • Specificity: 50-100 %


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