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Osteochondritis Dissecans

Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD) is a condition that Involves subchondral bone and overlying cartilage separation. Locations of Osteochondritis Dissecans Osteochondritis Dissecans can occur...

Sprengel Deformity

Sprengel Deformity is one of the upper extremity deformities that effects the scapula bone. Most common congenital anomaly of the shoulder in...

Chondroma

Chondromas are a common benign lesions of hyaline cartilage that affect all age groups. They have limited growth ability, and have no...

Flexor Tendon Injury of the Hand

Flexor Tendon Injury is among the most common cases represent to the ER, and it’s usually due to volar lacerations. Flexor Tendon...

Gait Cycle

Learning and understanding gait cycle is very important in evaluating lower limb problems, as much can be learnt by carefully studying the...

Bone Metabolism

Normal bone metabolism is a sequence of bone turnover (osteoclast activity) and formation (osteoblast activity). Bone Metabolism functions largely involve the homeostasis...

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is a tumor characterized by the production of osteoid by malignant cells (Spindle cell). It’s is the most common nonhematologic primary...

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) generally includes subluxation (partial dislocation) of the femoral head, acetabular dysplasia, and complete dislocation of the...

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is a compressive neuropathy of the tibial nerve within the fibro-osseous tunnel posterior and inferior to the medial malleolus...

Bone Cells

Bone Cells include Osteoblasts, Osteoclasts, Osteocytes and bone lining cells. 1. Osteoblasts Osteoblast is the bone cells that are responsible for bone...